The Taxonomicon
Home
Site map | Contact
Under construction
Taxon: Species Passer domesticus (C. Linnaeus, 1758) - house sparrow (bird)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Reptilia - (Order) Passeriformes - (Family) Passeridae

Current position

Passer (Genus) Brisson, 1760 Ref: E.C. Dickinson, 2003: 716.

Historical positions

Passer (Genus) Brisson, 1760 Ref: E.C. Dickinson, 2003: 716.
Passer (Genus) Brisson, 1760 Ref: B.L. Monroe Jr. & C.G. Sibley, 1993: 288.
Passer (Genus) Brisson, 1760 Ref: W.J. Bock, 1982: 1012.
Passer (Genus) Brisson, 1760 Ref: B. Grzimek et al., 1974 (1970): 651.

Included, by definition, in node-based clade

Archosauria (Clade) Cope 1869 [Gauthier & Padian 1985] Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Averostra (Clade) Paul 2002 [Paul 2002] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 61) (Allain et al., 2012)
Avetheropoda (Clade) Paul 1988 [Padian et al. 1999] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 61) (modified from Holtz et al., 2004)
Dinosauria (Clade) Owen 1841 Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Dinosauriformes (Clade) Novas 1992 Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Maniraptoriformes (Clade) Holtz 1995 [Holtz 1996] Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. & H. Osmólska, 2004: 22
Maniraptoriformes (Clade) Holtz 1995 [Holtz 1996] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Maryanska et al., 2002)
Neotheropoda (Clade) Bakker 1986 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 68) (Sereno, 2005)
Orionides (Clade) Carrano, Benson & Sampson 2012 [Carrano et al. 2012] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 69) (modified from Carrano et al., 2012)
Ornithes (Clade) Martyniuk 2012 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 177
Pennaraptora (Clade) Foth et al. 2014 [Foth et al. 2014] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 70) (Foth et al., 2014)
Pennaraptora (Clade) Foth et al. 2014 [Foth et al. 2014] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 70) (Foth et al., 2014)
Tyrannoraptora (Clade) Sereno 1999 [Sereno 1999] Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. et al., 2004: 107
Tyrannoraptora (Clade) Sereno 1999 [Sereno 1999] Ref: Sereno, 1999a.

Included, by definition, in branch-based clade

Avemetatarsalia (Clade) Benton 1999 Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Avialae (Clade) Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 61) (Maryanska et al., 2002)
Coelurosauria (Clade) Huene 1914 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 64) (Sereno, 2005)
Dinosauromorpha (Clade) Benton 1985 Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Maniraptora (Clade) Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. & H. Osmólska, 2004: 22
Maniraptora (Clade) Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Maryanska et al., 2002)
Paraves (Clade) Sereno 1997 [Sereno 1998] Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. & H. Osmólska, 2004: 22
Paraves (Clade) Sereno 1997 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 70) (Holtz & Osmólska, 2004)
Saurischia (Clade) Seeley 1887 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: taxon_edit.php [23 Mar 2016]
Tetanurae (Clade) Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 71) (Allain et al., 2012)
Theropoda (Clade) Marsh 1881 [Gauthier 1986] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 72) (Sereno, 2005)

Excluded, by qualifying clause, from node-based clade

Deinonychosauria (Clade) Colbert & Russell 1969 [Padian 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 64) (modified from Sereno, 2005)

Excluded, by definition, from branch-based clade

Allosauridae (Clade) Marsh 1878 [Padian & Hutchinson 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 60) (Sereno, 2005)
Allosauroidea (Clade) Currie & Zhao 1993 [Padian & Hutchinson 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 60) (Sereno, 2005)
Alvarezsauroidea (Clade) Livezey & Zusi 2007 [Choiniere, Xu, Clark, Forster, Guo & Han 2010] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 61) (modified from Choiniere et al., 2010b)
Archaeopterygidae (Clade) Huxley 1871 [Xu et al. 2011] Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 177 (Xu et al., 2011)
Caenagnathiformes (Clade) Sternberg 1940 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 176
Ceratosauria (Clade) Marsh 1895 [Rowe & Gauthier 1990] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 63) (Sereno, 2005 sensu Holtz & Padian, 1995)
Charadriiformes (Clade) Huxley 1867 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 182
Coelophysoidea (Clade) Holtz 1994 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 63) (Sereno, 2005)
Compsognathidae (Clade) Cope 1871 [Holtz et al. 2004] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 64) (Holtz et al., 2004)
Compsognathidae (Clade) Cope 1871 [Holtz et al. 2004] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 64) (Holtz et al., 2004)
Confuciusornithiformes (Clade) Hou, Zhou, Gu & Zhang 1995 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 179
Dilophosauridae (Clade) Charig & Milner 1990 [Hendrickx, Hartman & Mateus 2015] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 65)
Dromaeosauridae (Clade) Ostrom 1969 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 65) (Sereno, 2005)
Dromaeosaurinae (Clade) Matthew & Brown 1922 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 65) (Sereno, 2005)
Gaviiformes (Clade) Wetmore & Miller 1926 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 182
Herrerasauridae (Clade) Benedetto 1973 [Novas 1992] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Sereno, 2005)
Jinfengopteryginae (Clade) Turner et al. 2012 [Turner et al. 2012] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Turner et al., 2012)
Jinfengopteryginae (Clade) Turner et al. 2012 [Turner et al. 2012] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (modified from Turner et al., 2012)
Megalosauria (Clade) Bonaparte 1850 [Allain et al. 2012] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Allain et al., 2012)
Megalosauridae (Clade) Bonaparte 1850 [Allain 2002] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 66) (Holtz et al., 2004)
Megalosauroidea (Clade) Walker 1964 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 67) (modified from Holtz et al., 2004)
Megaraptoridae (Clade) Novas et al. 2013 [Novas et al. 2013] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 67) (Novas et al., 2013)
Megaraptoridae (Clade) Novas et al. 2013 [Novas et al. 2013] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 67) (modified from Novas et al., 2013)
Metriacanthosauridae (Clade) Carrano et al. 2012 [Padian & Hutchinson 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 67) (modified from Sereno, 2005)
Microraptorinae (Clade) Senter et al. 2004 [Sereno 2005] Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: taxon_edit.php [7 Oct 2007]
Microraptorinae (Clade) Senter et al. 2004 [Sereno 2005] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 68) (Sereno, 2005)
Ornithodesmidae (Clade) Hooley 1913 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 177
Ornithomimosauria (Clade) Barsbold 1976 [Osmólska 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 69) (Lee et al., 2014)
Oviraptorosauria (Clade) Barsbold 1976 [Barsbold 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 69) (Maryanska et al., 2002)
Pterosauromorpha (Clade) Padian 1997 Ref: P.C. Sereno, 2005: tables.php [8 Mar 2016]
Saurornithes (Clade) Nicholson 1878 [Martyniuk 2012], nom. ined. Ref: M.P. Martyniuk, 2012: 177
Spinosauridae (Clade) Stromer 1915 [Sereno 1998] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 71) (Sereno, 2005)
Troodontidae (Clade) Gilmore 1924 [Varricchio 1997] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 72) (Sereno, 2005)
Unenlagiinae (Clade) Bonaparte 1999 [Makovicky et al. 2005] Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: table (p. 73) (Sereno, 2005)

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 3ss
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019