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Crown clade: Class Mammalia Linnaeus, 1758 - mammals (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata

Current position

Holotheria ([unranked]) Ref: K.D. Rose, 2006: table 1.2. [indirect]

Alternative positions

Amniota (Series) Haeckel, 1866 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 394. [implicit]
Amphicondyla (Branch) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 450.
Eucynodontia ([unranked]) Kemp, 1982 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 394.
Gnathostomata (Superclass) Zittel, 1879 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Homotherma (Superclass) Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Mammaliaformes (Clade) Rowe 1988 [Rowe 1988] Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 35.
Regnum Animale (Kingdom) C. Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 21.
Tetrapoda (Superclass) Goodrich, 1930 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 50).
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988

Original position

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758
Regnum Animale (Kingdom) C. Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 11

Subsequent positions

Mammaliaformes (Clade) Rowe 1988 [Rowe 1988]
Tetrapoda (Superclass) Goodrich, 1930

Original entries

Gondwanatheriidae (Family) J.F. Bonaparte, 1986
Kennalestidae (Family) Kielan-Jaworowska, 1981
Mutica ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766
Notopterna (Order) Soria, 1984
Pinnata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16
Prototheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872
Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16
Tegotheridia (Order) Tatarinov, 1994
Theriiformes (Subclass) (Rowe, 1988) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
Todralestidae (Family) Gheerbrant, 1991
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766
Ungulata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766

Historical positions

Tetrapoda (Superclass) Goodrich, 1930 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 50).
Eucynodontia ([unranked]) Kemp, 1982 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 394, box 10.3, fig. 10.1.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: L.L. Mai et al., 2005: 573.
Chordata ([unranked]) Bateson, 1885 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 321.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: 2000
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: Anonymous, 1998
Mammaliaformes (Clade) Rowe 1988 [Rowe 1988] Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 35.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990 [unofficial]
Amniota ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1866 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 627, table A-1 (p. 629), fig. 1.3.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986
Gnathostomata (Superclass) Zittel, 1879 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1015.
Tetrapoda (Superclass) Goodrich, 1930 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 239.
Tetrapoda (Superclass) Goodrich, 1930 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 327, [775]-808.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: W. Fiedler et al., 1973: [609].
Homotherma (Superclass) Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Amphicondyla (Branch) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 450, 453.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Illiger, 1811: [58].
Regnum Animale (Kingdom) C. Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 19, 21-27.
Regnum Animale (Kingdom) C. Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 12, 14-19. [new taxon]

Phylogeny

Holophyletic Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: [16].

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 27o;140f;1196g;5143s;4337ss;302v; ‡1o;8f;53g;110s;31ss;1v; †42o;323f;4449g;1197s;65ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 [27o;137f; ‡1o;10f;52g; †42o;326f;4492g]
2005 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: xxvi 1229g;5416s
1997 M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell [24o;125f;1081g; ‡1o;6f;43g; †21o;294f;4034g]
1993 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder [26o;133f];1135[1112]g;4629[4545]s; ‡[3f;23g;88s]
1991 R.M. Nowak 21o135f1,116g4,444s
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill [21o;132f;1061g];4327[4316]s; ‡[1f;5g;38s]
1988 R.L. Carroll: 648 [20o;119f; ‡5f; †23o;215f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 2sc;[22o;132f]
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 2sc<20o4,500s
1979 T.I. Storer et al. 4,060s
1945 G.G. Simpson: [18o]
1877 E.R. Lankester: 454 [25o]
1766 C. Linnaeus [7o;40g]
1758 C. Linnaeus [8o;39g;185s;42v]
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019