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Taxon: Order Primates Linnaeus, 1758 - primates (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Mammalia

Current position

Archonta (Superorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 403.

Alternative positions

Archonta (Grandorder) (Gregory, 1910) McKenna, 1975 Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 323.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Euarchontoglires ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: fig. 2.
Eutheria (Subclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: W. Fiedler et al., 1973: 618.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 632.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C.P. Groves, 1993: 243.
Plesiadapiformes (Order) Simons & Tattersall, 1972 Ref: J.J. Hooker et al., 1999: text-fig. 1A.
Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 20. [new taxon]
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: C.P. Groves, 2005: 111. [implicit]
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 24. [new position]
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945

Original position

Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16

Subsequent positions

Archonta (Grandorder) (Gregory, 1910) McKenna, 1975
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 24 [assumed]

Original entries

Arsinoea (Genus) Simons, 1992
Dermoptera (Suborder) Dobson, 1883
Euprimates (Suborder) Hoffstetter, 1978
Hallelemur (Genus) Schwartz et al., 1983
Homo (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Lemur (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Micromomyidae (Family) Szalay, 1974
Microsyopidae (Family) Osborn, 1892
Palaechthonidae (Family) Szalay, 1969
Picrodontidae (Family) Simpson, 1937
Picromomyidae (Family) Rose & Bown, 1996
Plesiadapidae (Family) Trouessart, 1897
Purgatoriidae (Family) van Valen & Sloan, 1965
Simia (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758, nom. rej.
Vespertilio (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Historical positions

Euarchontoglires ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929, fig. 2.
Placentalia (Cohort) (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997 Ref: K.D. Rose, 2006: table 10.2. [rough position] [implicit]
Archonta (Superorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 403, boxes 10.6, 11.1.
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: C.P. Groves, 2005: 111. [implicit]
Plesiadapiformes (Order) Simons & Tattersall, 1972 Ref: J.J. Hooker et al., 1999: 403, text-fig. 1A.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.G. Fleagle, 1999: 577. [indirect]
Archonta (Grandorder) (Gregory, 1910) McKenna, 1975 Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 323.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C.P. Groves, 1993: 243; 5.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill, 1991: 91.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.M. Nowak, 1991
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 632.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1030-1031.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 240.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979
Eutheria (Subclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: W. Fiedler et al., 1973: 618.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Huxley, 1880 Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 24, 28. [new position]
Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16, 20. [new taxon]

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 15f;71g;401s;316ss; ‡10g;2s;2ss; †28f;270g;225s;3ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 15 Jun 2013 [15f;71g;401s;316ss; ‡10g; †28f;270g]
2009 J.L. Franzen et al. 15f;70g;393s;319ss; ‡2f;9g; †8f;168g
2005 C.P. Groves [15f;69g;376s;317ss; ‡1s;2ss]
1999 J.G. Fleagle: 580 [14f;67g; ‡10g; †14f;173g]
1997 M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell [11f;54g; ‡2f;9g; †19f;209g]
1993 C.P. Groves [13f];60g;233s
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill [12f;59g];~201s
1988 R.L. Carroll: 633 [12f; ‡3f; †11f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 2so;[13f;51g]
1766 C. Linnaeus [4g;47s]
1758 C. Linnaeus [4g;34s;5v]
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019