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Taxon: Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates (animal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia

Current position

Deuterostomia (Infrakingdom) Grobben, 1908 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48).

Alternative positions

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990
Chordonia (Infrakingdom) (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 237. [new position]
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48.
Deuterostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 236.
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c). [inferred rank]
Deuterostomia (Subdivision) Grobben, 1908 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 325.
Deuterostomia (Midphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: E. Möhn, 1984
Deuterostomia (Superphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: J.S. Nelson et al., 2016: 13.
Dexiothetica (Subsuperphylum) Jefferies, 1979 Ref: M.J. Benton, 1993: 533.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: W.J. Bock, 1982: 822.
Metazoa (Kingdom) Haeckel, 1874
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.

Subsequent positions

Chordonia (Infrakingdom) (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 237 [assumed]

Historical positions

Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c). [inferred rank]
Deuterostomia (Superphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: J.S. Nelson et al., 2016: 13.
Deuterostomia (Infrakingdom) Grobben, 1908 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48).
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 280.
Deuterostomia (Superphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: S.J. Bourlat et al., 2006: 85.
Deuterostomia (Superphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 15-17.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L.L. Mai et al., 2005: 573.
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: [389], box 1.1.
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 27.12B.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: X.-G. Hou et al., 2004: 216. [implicit]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 296.
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172, [176]; 205.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: 2000
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1998
Chordonia (Infrakingdom) (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 4 (p. 237). [new position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Dexiothetica (Subsuperphylum) Jefferies, 1979 Ref: M.J. Benton, 1993: 533; [563].
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 843, 858-877.
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48. [alternative position]
Deuterostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 118. [alternative position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 619).
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Deuterostomia (Midphylum) Grobben, 1908 Ref: E. Möhn, 1984
Deuterostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 236.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: W.J. Bock, 1982: 822.
Deuterostomia (Subdivision) Grobben, 1908 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 325.
Bilateralia (Subdivision) Ref: B. Grzimek, 1973-1975

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 9c;149o;1059f;9924g;61,557s;12,683ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †7c;207o;1094f;7352g;2383s;70ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 [12c;132o]
2005 M.J. Benton [3sp]
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sp]
1997 TAMU 8,680g46,000s; †10,100g24,360s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca ~50,000s
1982 W.J. Bock: 822 3sp;[10c;115o]
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 45,000s
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019