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Node-based clade: Class Aves Linnaeus, 1758 - birds (bird)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,608s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;213p;833c;1506o;9332f;110,548g;255,183s;29,260ss;2077v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;213p;358c;1498o;9332f;110,505g;251,956s;29,258ss;2049v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2908f;14,809g;5468s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;69p;293c;1349o;8888f;107,558g;238,528s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;64p;283c;1330o;8856f;107,431g;238,082s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;63p;279c;1322o;8850f;107,213g;237,909s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;62p;273c;1314o;8839f;107,176g;237,854s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;46p;157c;781o;6853f;85,552g;216,637s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;151c;767o;6817f;85,437g;216,478s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;148c;764o;6812f;85,428g;216,465s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;139c;733o;6737f;85,183g;216,004s;28,319ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4276s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: S.A. Karpov et al., 2014: 8; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;571o;6139f;77,496g;214,066s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;94c;569o;6132f;77,476g;214,044s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;91c;565o;6126f;77,420g;213,976s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [inferred position]; Count: 31p;85c;530o;5961f;76,657g;213,426s;28,292ss;471v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;60c;437o;2184f;9736g;4019s;97ss;1v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 29p;79c;507o;5724f;75,765g;212,689s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;55c;423o;2171f;9612g;3923s;97ss;1v
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: 28p;77c;505o;5700f;75,679g;212,667s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †2p;53c;423o;2168f;9602g;3919s;97ss;1v
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48) [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3p;18c;190o;1220f;10,472g;61,948s;12,691ss;308v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †1p;28c;259o;1115f;7493g;2435s;75ss
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: 9c;149o;1059f;9924g;61,557s;12,683ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †7c;207o;1094f;7352g;2383s;70ss
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                          Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: [fc] 6c;142o;1035f;9839g;61,403s;12,679ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †7c;207o;1094f;7347g;2382s;70ss
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                            Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 30 [implicit position]; Count: 5c;140o;1031f;9824g;61,284s;12,679ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †5c;192o;1078f;7026g;2370s;68ss
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                              Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 16; Count: 5c;140o;1031f;9824g;61,284s;12,679ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †2c;183o;1050f;6947g;2332s;68ss
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 82; Count: 4c;126o;977f;9629g;60,126s;12,677ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †1c;148o;946f;6653g;2267s;68ss
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                  Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 86; Count: 4c;126o;977f;9629g;60,126s;12,677ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †145o;936f;6595g;2257s;68ss
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                    Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 17 [inferred rank]; Count: 3c;67o;505f;5068g;31,870s;12,136ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;392s;96ss;1v; †112o;787f;6131g;2098s;68ss
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                      Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 462 [implicit position]; Count: 3c;66o;505f;5068g;31,870s;12,136ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;392s;96ss;1v; †111o;786f;6123g;2097s;68ss
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                        Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 465; Count: 3c;65o;502f;5065g;31,864s;12,131ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;392s;96ss;1v; †110o;774f;6112g;2095s;68ss
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                          Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 466; Count: 3c;65o;502f;5065g;31,864s;12,131ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;392s;96ss;1v; †109o;773f;6106g;2091s;68ss
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                            Ref: D.R. Frost et al., 2006: fig. 51 [out of scope] [indirect position]; Count: [oc] 3c;65o;502f;5065g;31,864s;12,131ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;392s;96ss;1v; †107o;766f;6097g;2081s;68ss
                                                               Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 394 [inferred rank] [implicit position]; Count: [f] 2c;62o;441f;4540g;25,203s;12,061ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;388s;96ss;1v; †101o;696f;6020g;2048s;68ss
                                                                 Batrachosauria
                                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: box 4.5 [implicit position]; Count: [f] 2c;62o;441f;4540g;25,203s;12,061ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;388s;96ss;1v; †100o;684f;6013g;2046s;68ss
                                                                   Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                  Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 394 [inferred rank]; Count: [f] 2c;62o;441f;4540g;25,203s;12,061ss;303v;1; ‡3o;15f;113g;388s;96ss;1v; †98o;680f;6009g;2045s;68ss
                                                                     Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                    Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 438 [implicit position]; Count: 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †53o;310f;1485g;825s;3ss
                                                                       Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                      Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 438 [inferred rank]; Count: 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †48o;301f;1470g;821s;3ss
                                                                         Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                        Ref: R.V. Hill, 2005: fig. 5; Count: [s] 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †48o;300f;1468g;820s;3ss
                                                                           Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                          Ref: R.V. Hill, 2005: fig. 5; Count: [s] 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †48o;299f;1466g;820s;3ss
                                                                             Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                            Ref: R.R. Reisz et al., 2011: 3733 [emended diagnosis]; Count: 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †46o;296f;1463g;819s;3ss
                                                                               [crown] Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                              Ref: R.R. Reisz et al., 2011: fig. 4; Count: 35o;301f;3344g;20,060s;7724ss;1v;1; ‡2o;7f;60g;278s;65ss; †45o;293f;1455g;815s;3ss
                                                                                 Archosauromorpha Huene 1946 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988] {Laurin 1991}
                                                                                Ref: R.R. Reisz et al., 2011: fig. 4; Count: 32o;205f;2160g;9642s;7166ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;58g;262s;62ss; †40o;223f;1309g;733s;3ss
                                                                                   Archosauria Cope 1869 [Gauthier & Padian 1985]
                                                                                  Ref: M.J. Benton, 2004: figs. 1.2, 1.8A [Benton, 2015: box 6.1]; Count: 32o;205f;2160g;9642s;7166ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;58g;262s;62ss; †36o;216f;1295g;724s;3ss
                                                                                     Avesuchia Benton, 1999
                                                                                    Ref: M.J. Benton, 2004: fig. 1.8A [out of scope]; Count: [s] 32o;205f;2160g;9642s;7166ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;58g;262s;62ss; †35o;212f;1285g;718s;3ss
                                                                                       Avemetatarsalia Benton 1999
                                                                                      Ref: M.J. Benton, 2004: fig. 1.8A [out of scope]; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †31o;181f;1131g;600s;3ss
                                                                                         Ornithodira Gauthier 1986
                                                                                        Ref: M.J. Benton, 2004: fig. 1.8A [Benton, 2015: 440] [out of scope]; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †31o;180f;1130g;599s;3ss
                                                                                           Dinosauromorpha Benton 1985
                                                                                          Ref: C.F. Kammerer et al., 2012(2011): 278; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †30o;159f;1067g;576s;3ss
                                                                                             Dinosauriformes Novas 1992
                                                                                            Ref: C.F. Kammerer et al., 2012(2011): 278; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †30o;158f;1065g;573s;3ss
                                                                                               Dinosauria Owen 1841
                                                                                              Ref: C.F. Kammerer et al., 2012(2011): 282 (fig. 4); Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †30o;157f;1057g;565s;3ss
                                                                                                 Saurischia Seeley 1887 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                Ref: V. Díez Díaz et al., 2018: 433; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †29o;137f;867g;490s;3ss
                                                                                                   Theropoda Marsh 1881 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                  Ref: P.C. Sereno, 1998: table 4 (p. 64); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;120f;620g;333s;3ss
                                                                                                     Neotheropoda Bakker 1986 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                    Ref: R.N. Martínez & C. Apaldetti, 2017: 490; Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;119f;611g;327s;3ss
                                                                                                       Averostra Paul 2002 [Paul 2002]
                                                                                                      Ref: R.N. Martínez & C. Apaldetti, 2017: 502 (fig. 11); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;117f;593g;322s;3ss
                                                                                                         Tetanurae Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                        Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 3 (fig. 1); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;114f;564g;314s;3ss
                                                                                                           Orionides Carrano, Benson & Sampson 2012 [Carrano et al. 2012]
                                                                                                          Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 11 (fig. 4); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;114f;555g;303s;3ss
                                                                                                             Avetheropoda Paul 1988 [Padian et al. 1999]
                                                                                                            Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 11 (fig. 4); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;111f;534g;284s;3ss
                                                                                                               Coelurosauria Huene 1914 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                              Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 3 (fig. 1); Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;107f;505g;256s;3ss
                                                                                                                 Tyrannoraptora Sereno 1999 [Sereno 1999]
                                                                                                                Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. & H. Osmólska, 2004: fig. S.2; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;107f;498g;250s;3ss
                                                                                                                   Maniraptoriformes Holtz 1995 [Holtz 1996]
                                                                                                                  Ref: T.R. Holtz Jr. & H. Osmólska, 2004: fig. S.2; Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;104f;469g;238s;3ss
                                                                                                                     Maniraptora Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                    Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 13 (fig. 5); Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;102f;457g;226s;3ss
                                                                                                                       Pennaraptora Foth et al. 2014 [Foth et al. 2014]
                                                                                                                      Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 13 (fig. 5); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †28o;98f;427g;203s;3ss
                                                                                                                         Paraves Sereno 1997 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                                        Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 13 (fig. 5); Count: 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †27o;93f;400g;183s;3ss
                                                                                                                           Avialae Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                          Ref: C. Hendrickx et al., 2015: 3 (fig. 1); Count: [s] 31o;202f;2151g;9617s;7150ss;1v; ‡2o;7f;57g;261s;62ss; †27o;91f;359g;173s;3ss
                                                                                                                             [Class Aves Linnaeus, 1758 - birds] see Subclass Aves Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                            Ref: J.K. O'Connor et al., 2010: 312 [indirect position]; Count: †4o;4f
                                                                                                                               [Order †Caenagnathiformes Sternberg, 1940]
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: -
                                                                                                                               [Order Carinatæ]
                                                                                                                              Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 453; Count: -
                                                                                                                               [Order †"Ichthornithiformes"] see Order Ichthyornithiformes Marsh, 1873
                                                                                                                              Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 320; Count: -
                                                                                                                               [Genus Leptopus Fraser, 1845, nom. illeg.]
                                                                                                                              Ref: S.A. Neave, [2005]: 18 May 2008 [nominal taxon] [implicit position]; Count: -
                                                                                                                               Order †Limnornithiformes
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: †2f
                                                                                                                               Order †Praeornithiformes
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: †1f
                                                                                                                               Family †Ptenopodiscidae
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: -
                                                                                                                               [Order Ratitæ]
                                                                                                                              Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 453; Count: -
                                                                                                                               [Genus †Scanirnis]
                                                                                                                              Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                                                                                               Order †Sinosauropterygiformes
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: -
                                                                                                                               Order †Yandangithformes
                                                                                                                              Ref: 2003; Count: -
                                                                                                                               0.1.0 [Genus †Rahona Forster et al., 1998, nom. illeg.] see Genus Rahonavis Forster, Sampson, Chiappe & Krause, 1998
                                                                                                                              Ref: 1999 [indirect position]; Count: -
                                                                                                                               1.0 [Subclass †Archaeornithes Gadow, 1893] see Superorder Archaeornithes Gadow, 1893
                                                                                                                              Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 624; Count: †6o;2f
                                                                                                                               1.0 [Subclass †"Archeornithes"] see Subclass Archaeornithes Gadow, 1893
                                                                                                                              Ref: 1990; Count: -
                                                                                                                               1.0 [Subclass †Sauriurae Haeckel, 1866] see Subclass Archaeornithes Gadow, 1893
                                                                                                                              Ref: E.N. Kurochkin, 1996: 22; Count: -
                                                                                                                               1.0 [Order Saururæ]
                                                                                                                              Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 453; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.0 [Subclass Pygostylia] see Clade Pygostylia Chatterjee 1997 [Chiappe 2001]
                                                                                                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 398; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Accipitres Linnaeus, 1758] see Suborder Accipitres (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 121; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Anseres Linnaeus, 1758] see Suborder Anseres Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 194; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Gallinae Linnaeus, 1758]
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 267; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Grallae Linnaeus, 1758]
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 230; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Subclass Ornithurae Haeckel, 1866] see Clade Ornithurae Haeckel 1866 [Gauthier 1986] {Chiappe 1991}
                                                                                                                              Ref: Z. Zhou & F. Zhang, 2006: 79; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Passeres Linnaeus, 1758] see Suborder Passeres (C. Linnaeus, 1758) C. Linnaeus, 1766
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 279; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2 [Order Picae Linnaeus, 1758] see Parvclass Picae (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
                                                                                                                              Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1766: 139; Count: -
                                                                                                                               2.2.2.2.2.2.0 [Subclass †Odontoholcae (Marsh, 1875) Stejneger, 1885] see Cohort Ornithurae (Haeckel, 1866)
                                                                                                                              Ref: P. Brodkorb, 1963: 191; Count: -

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Last updated: 15 Jul 2019