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Under construction
Paraphyletic taxon: Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 - bony fishes (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,419s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;211p;828c;1490o;9557f;110,501g;251,994s;28,644ss;2076v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;211p;353c;1482o;9557f;110,458g;248,767s;28,642ss;2048v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2908f;14,780g;5433s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;67p;288c;1333o;9113f;107,511g;235,339s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;62p;278c;1314o;9081f;107,384g;234,893s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;61p;274c;1306o;9075f;107,166g;234,720s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;60p;268c;1298o;9064f;107,129g;234,665s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;44p;152c;765o;7081f;85,501g;213,446s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;146c;751o;7045f;85,386g;213,287s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;143c;748o;7040f;85,377g;213,274s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;40p;134c;717o;6965f;85,132g;212,813s;27,703ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4241s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101; Count: [p] 1k;33p;92c;557o;6371f;77,461g;210,879s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;91c;555o;6364f;77,441g;210,857s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;88c;551o;6358f;77,385g;210,789s;27,695ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 32p;84c;525o;6220f;76,675g;210,424s;27,680ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †4p;65c;440o;2192f;9729g;4002s;97ss;1v
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                  Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 31p;84c;525o;6219f;76,673g;210,422s;27,680ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †4p;65c;440o;2192f;9729g;4002s;97ss;1v
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                    Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111; Count: [p] 28p;74c;490o;5940f;75,676g;209,339s;27,671ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †3p;58c;426o;2172f;9590g;3891s;97ss;1v
                                       Superphylum Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - deuterostomes
                                      Ref: J.S. Nelson et al., 2016: 13 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 4p;20c;192o;1244f;10,558g;61,970s;12,286ss;308v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;95ss;1v; †1p;28c;259o;1115f;7493g;2434s;75ss
                                         [crown] Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                        Ref: J.S. Nelson et al., 2016: 13; Count: 9c;149o;1059f;9924g;61,557s;12,278ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;95ss;1v; †7c;207o;1094f;7352g;2382s;70ss
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                          Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: [fc] 6c;142o;1035f;9839g;61,403s;12,274ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;95ss;1v; †7c;207o;1094f;7347g;2381s;70ss
                                             [Infraphylum Gnathostomata auct. - jawed vertebrates] see Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879
                                            Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: -
                                               [Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 [paraphyletic] - bony fishes] see [unranked] Euteleostomi
                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 391; Count: †2o
                                                 [Order Alepisauriformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 311; Count: -
                                                 Order †Bobasatraniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 Order †Cephaloxeniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 [Subclass Choanichthyes] see Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986 [informal mention] [indirect position]; Count: -
                                                 [Subclass Ganoidae]
                                                Ref: S.A. Neave, [2005]: 22 Jul 2009 [indirect position]; Count: -
                                                 [Order Megalopiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 309; Count: -
                                                 [Order "Tetradontiformes"] see Order Tetraodontiformes Berg, 1937
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 318; Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass †Acanthodii] see Class Acanthodii Owen, 1846
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 621); Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass Paleopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 2 [Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes] see Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: K.E. Mickle et al., 2009: 626; Count: -
                                                 2.0 [Subclass "Actinopterygi"] see Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: fig. 7.7 [error]; Count: -
                                                 2.2.0 [Subclass Brachiopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3 [Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955 [paraphyletic]] see [unranked] Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 393; Count: 2o;4f;4g;8s;5ss; †5o;22f;48g;31s
                                                 3.1.0 [Subclass Dipneusti] see Order Dipnoi Müller, 1844
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3.1.0 [Order Dipteriformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -
                                                 3.2 [Subclass Crossopterygii] see Infraclass Crossopterygii
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 3.2.0 [Order Coelocanthiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -

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Last updated: 24 Mar 2019