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Under construction
Taxon: Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects (insect)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,608s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;213p;833c;1506o;9332f;110,548g;255,183s;29,260ss;2077v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;213p;358c;1498o;9332f;110,505g;251,956s;29,258ss;2049v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2908f;14,809g;5468s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;69p;293c;1349o;8888f;107,558g;238,528s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;64p;283c;1330o;8856f;107,431g;238,082s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;63p;279c;1322o;8850f;107,213g;237,909s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;62p;273c;1314o;8839f;107,176g;237,854s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;46p;157c;781o;6853f;85,552g;216,637s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;151c;767o;6817f;85,437g;216,478s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;148c;764o;6812f;85,428g;216,465s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;139c;733o;6737f;85,183g;216,004s;28,319ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4276s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: S.A. Karpov et al., 2014: 8; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;571o;6139f;77,496g;214,066s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;94c;569o;6132f;77,476g;214,044s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;91c;565o;6126f;77,420g;213,976s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [inferred position]; Count: 31p;85c;530o;5961f;76,657g;213,426s;28,292ss;471v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;60c;437o;2184f;9736g;4019s;97ss;1v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 29p;79c;507o;5724f;75,765g;212,689s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;55c;423o;2171f;9612g;3923s;97ss;1v
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: 28p;77c;505o;5700f;75,679g;212,667s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †2p;53c;423o;2168f;9602g;3919s;97ss;1v
                                       Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 25p;59c;315o;4480f;65,207g;150,719s;15,596ss;155v; ‡104s;8ss; †1p;25c;164o;1053f;2109g;1484s;22ss;1v
                                         Superphylum Ecdysozoa Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake, 1997
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36); Count: [p] 8p;26c;166o;3257f;57,403g;135,092s;15,147ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;13c;79o;360f;1481g;1190s;10ss
                                           Panarthropoda Nielsen, 1995 - panarthropods
                                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 152 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 3p;18c;127o;2971f;56,663g;134,122s;15,141ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;12c;79o;359f;1442g;1187s;10ss
                                             Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods
                                            Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 152; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,542g;133,705s;15,125ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †11c;76o;348f;1422g;1169s;10ss
                                               Euarthropoda
                                              Ref: J. Liu et al., 2011: fig. S1 [implicit position]; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,542g;133,705s;15,125ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †7c;65o;331f;1388g;1154s;10ss
                                                 Mandibulata
                                                Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 16.15 [indirect position]; Count: 11c;104o;2183f;46,574g;109,128s;14,357ss;146v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;44o;299f;1217g;1097s;10ss
                                                   Crustaceomorpha Chernyshev, 1960
                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 3.2 [inferred rank] [implicit position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;108,481s;14,326ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;296f;1205g;1090s;10ss
                                                     Labrophora Siveter, Waloszek & Williams
                                                    Ref: J.T. Haug et al., 2009: abstract [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;108,481s;14,326ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;294f;1197g;1082s;10ss
                                                       Subphylum Pancrustacea Zrzavý et al., 1997
                                                      Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 158 [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;108,481s;14,326ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †1c;33o;273f;1094g;1023s;10ss
                                                         Altocrustacea
                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1 [implicit position]; Count: 6c;76o;1959f;45,480g;107,985s;14,320ss;102v; ‡55s;4ss; †1c;30o;261f;1006g;966s;10ss
                                                           Miracrustacea
                                                          Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: 4c;37o;1084f;38,452g;101,455s;14,163ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †16o;252f;902g;939s;10ss
                                                             Superclass Hexapoda Latreille, 1825
                                                            Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 723 [indirect position]; Count: 2c;35o;1080f;38,439g;101,445s;14,163ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;251f;898g;936s;10ss
                                                               Class Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 - insects
                                                              Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 745; Count: [o] 32o;1047f;38,144g;100,401s;14,161ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;249f;891g;934s;10ss
                                                                 Subclass Dicondylia
                                                                Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 31o;1045f;38,125g;100,372s;14,161ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;247f;887g;930s;10ss
                                                                   Infraclass Pterygota
                                                                  Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 30o;1040f;38,106g;100,350s;14,161ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;247f;884g;927s;10ss
                                                                     Metapterygota
                                                                    Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1 [implicit position]; Count: 29o;1012f;37,812g;99,512s;14,140ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †14o;226f;835g;857s;10ss
                                                                       Neoptera
                                                                      Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: 28o;983f;37,181g;98,948s;14,110ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †8o;170f;831g;854s;10ss
                                                                         Polyneoptera
                                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: [oo] 11o;119f;3566g;7882s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;48f;296g;19s
                                                                           Anartioptera
                                                                          Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [oo] 8o;99f;3358g;7681s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;47f;295g;19s
                                                                             Polyorthoptera
                                                                            Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193 [implicit position]; Count: [oo] 5o;74f;3220g;6989s;1229ss; †2o;35f;290g;11s
                                                                               Superorder Orthopterida
                                                                              Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193; Count: [oo] 2o;61f;3149g;6925s;1229ss; †2o;35f;289g;10s
                                                                                 Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects
                                                                                Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [g] 13f;450g;174s; †1g;1s
                                                                                   1 Suborder Agathemerodea
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 1f;1g
                                                                                   2 Suborder Timematodea
                                                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 213; Count: [g] 1f;1g;10s
                                                                                   3 Suborder Verophasmatodea Zompro, 2004
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 11f;448g;164s; †1g;1s

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Last updated: 15 Jul 2019