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Under construction
Taxon: Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects (insect)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,419s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;211p;828c;1490o;9557f;110,501g;251,994s;28,644ss;2076v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;211p;353c;1482o;9557f;110,458g;248,767s;28,642ss;2048v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2908f;14,780g;5433s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;67p;288c;1333o;9113f;107,511g;235,339s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;62p;278c;1314o;9081f;107,384g;234,893s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;61p;274c;1306o;9075f;107,166g;234,720s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;60p;268c;1298o;9064f;107,129g;234,665s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;44p;152c;765o;7081f;85,501g;213,446s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;146c;751o;7045f;85,386g;213,287s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;143c;748o;7040f;85,377g;213,274s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;40p;134c;717o;6965f;85,132g;212,813s;27,703ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4241s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101; Count: [p] 1k;33p;92c;557o;6371f;77,461g;210,879s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;91c;555o;6364f;77,441g;210,857s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;88c;551o;6358f;77,385g;210,789s;27,695ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 32p;84c;525o;6220f;76,675g;210,424s;27,680ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †4p;65c;440o;2192f;9729g;4002s;97ss;1v
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                  Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 31p;84c;525o;6219f;76,673g;210,422s;27,680ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †4p;65c;440o;2192f;9729g;4002s;97ss;1v
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                    Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111; Count: [p] 28p;74c;490o;5940f;75,676g;209,339s;27,671ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †3p;58c;426o;2172f;9590g;3891s;97ss;1v
                                       Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111; Count: [p] 23p;54c;296o;4693f;65,110g;147,291s;15,385ss;155v; ‡104s;8ss; †1p;27c;167o;1053f;2087g;1450s;22ss;1v
                                         Ecdysozoa Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake, 1997 - ecdysozoans
                                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 119; Count: [p] 9p;27c;169o;3266f;57,430g;134,266s;14,937ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;15c;83o;361f;1496g;1184s;10ss
                                           Superphylum Panarthropoda
                                          Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 505 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 3p;18c;127o;2971f;56,663g;133,165s;14,931ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;14c;82o;360f;1447g;1181s;10ss
                                             Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods
                                            Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 517; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,542g;132,748s;14,915ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †12c;76o;349f;1428g;1170s;10ss
                                               Euarthropoda
                                              Ref: J. Liu et al., 2011: fig. S1 [implicit position]; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,542g;132,748s;14,915ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †7c;65o;331f;1388g;1154s;10ss
                                                 Mandibulata
                                                Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 16.15 [indirect position]; Count: 11c;104o;2183f;46,574g;108,171s;14,147ss;146v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;44o;299f;1217g;1097s;10ss
                                                   Crustaceomorpha Chernyshev, 1960
                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 3.2 [inferred rank] [implicit position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;107,524s;14,116ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;296f;1205g;1090s;10ss
                                                     Labrophora Siveter, Waloszek & Williams
                                                    Ref: J.T. Haug et al., 2009: abstract [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;107,524s;14,116ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;294f;1197g;1082s;10ss
                                                       Subphylum Pancrustacea Zrzavý et al., 1997
                                                      Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 158 [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,246g;107,524s;14,116ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †1c;33o;273f;1094g;1023s;10ss
                                                         Altocrustacea
                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1 [implicit position]; Count: 6c;76o;1959f;45,480g;107,028s;14,110ss;102v; ‡55s;4ss; †1c;30o;261f;1006g;966s;10ss
                                                           Miracrustacea
                                                          Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: 4c;37o;1084f;38,452g;100,498s;13,953ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †16o;252f;902g;939s;10ss
                                                             Superclass Hexapoda Latreille, 1825
                                                            Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 723 [indirect position]; Count: 2c;35o;1080f;38,439g;100,488s;13,953ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;251f;898g;936s;10ss
                                                               Class Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 - insects
                                                              Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 745; Count: [o] 32o;1047f;38,144g;99,444s;13,951ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;249f;891g;934s;10ss
                                                                 Subclass Dicondylia
                                                                Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 31o;1045f;38,125g;99,415s;13,951ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;247f;887g;930s;10ss
                                                                   Infraclass Pterygota
                                                                  Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 30o;1040f;38,106g;99,393s;13,951ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;247f;884g;927s;10ss
                                                                     Metapterygota
                                                                    Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1 [implicit position]; Count: 29o;1012f;37,812g;98,555s;13,930ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †14o;226f;835g;857s;10ss
                                                                       Neoptera
                                                                      Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: 28o;983f;37,181g;97,991s;13,900ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †8o;170f;831g;854s;10ss
                                                                         Polyneoptera
                                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: [oo] 11o;119f;3566g;7882s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;48f;296g;19s
                                                                           Anartioptera
                                                                          Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [oo] 8o;99f;3358g;7681s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;47f;295g;19s
                                                                             Polyorthoptera
                                                                            Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193 [implicit position]; Count: [oo] 5o;74f;3220g;6989s;1229ss; †2o;35f;290g;11s
                                                                               Superorder Orthopterida
                                                                              Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193; Count: [oo] 2o;61f;3149g;6925s;1229ss; †2o;35f;289g;10s
                                                                                 Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects
                                                                                Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [g] 13f;450g;174s; †1g;1s
                                                                                   1 Suborder Agathemerodea
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 1f;1g
                                                                                   2 Suborder Timematodea
                                                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 213; Count: [g] 1f;1g;10s
                                                                                   3 Suborder Verophasmatodea Zompro, 2004
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 11f;448g;164s; †1g;1s

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Last updated: 24 Mar 2019