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Under construction
Taxon: Class Polychaeta Grube, 1850 - polychaetes (annelid)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,608s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;213p;833c;1506o;9332f;110,548g;255,183s;29,260ss;2077v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;213p;358c;1498o;9332f;110,505g;251,956s;29,258ss;2049v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2908f;14,809g;5468s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;69p;293c;1349o;8888f;107,558g;238,528s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;64p;283c;1330o;8856f;107,431g;238,082s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;63p;279c;1322o;8850f;107,213g;237,909s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;62p;273c;1314o;8839f;107,176g;237,854s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;46p;157c;781o;6853f;85,552g;216,637s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;151c;767o;6817f;85,437g;216,478s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;148c;764o;6812f;85,428g;216,465s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;139c;733o;6737f;85,183g;216,004s;28,319ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4276s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: S.A. Karpov et al., 2014: 8; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;571o;6139f;77,496g;214,066s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;94c;569o;6132f;77,476g;214,044s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;91c;565o;6126f;77,420g;213,976s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [inferred position]; Count: 31p;85c;530o;5961f;76,657g;213,426s;28,292ss;471v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;60c;437o;2184f;9736g;4019s;97ss;1v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 29p;79c;507o;5724f;75,765g;212,689s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;55c;423o;2171f;9612g;3923s;97ss;1v
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: 28p;77c;505o;5700f;75,679g;212,667s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †2p;53c;423o;2168f;9602g;3919s;97ss;1v
                                       Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 25p;59c;315o;4480f;65,207g;150,719s;15,596ss;155v; ‡104s;8ss; †1p;25c;164o;1053f;2109g;1484s;22ss;1v
                                         Superphylum Spiralia Schleip, 1929
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 42); Count: 17p;33c;149o;1223f;7804g;15,627s;449ss;4v; ‡47s;4ss; †12c;85o;693f;628g;294s;12ss;1v
                                           Platytrochozoa Struck, Wey-Fabrizius, Golombek, Hering, Weigert, Bleidorn, Klebow, Iakovenko, Hausdorf, Petersen, Kück, Herlyn & Hankeln 2014 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                          Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: [p] 12p;25c;131o;1150f;7515g;14,005s;441ss;4v; ‡47s;4ss; †12c;84o;693f;618g;294s;12ss;1v
                                             Lophotrochozoa Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake 1995 [nom. cl. nov.] - lophotrochozoans
                                            Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: [167]; Count: [p] 8p;21c;83o;975f;6432g;11,764s;435ss;3v; ‡47s;4ss; †12c;84o;693f;618g;294s;12ss;1v
                                               Trochozoa Beklemischev, 1944 - trochozoans
                                              Ref: T.-M. Lu et al., 2017: 6 (fig. 4a) [implicit position]; Count: [p] 5p;15c;74o;806f;5983g;11,138s;425ss;3v; ‡47s;4ss; †6c;56o;301f;375g;99s;1v
                                                 Phylum Annelida Lamarck, 1809 - segmented worms
                                                Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 120; Count: [c] 5c;27o;151f;1277g;3167s;88ss;2v; ‡1s; †1c;2o;62g;11s
                                                   Class Polychaeta Grube, 1850 - polychaetes
                                                  Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken & A. van Haaren, 2010: 133; Count: [f] 9o;87f;916g;2009s;55ss; †48g;11s
                                                     Genus †Arkonips Farrell & Briggs, 2007
                                                    Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                     Genus †Biconulites Teilhard de Chardin, 1931
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Bundenbachochaeta
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Burgessochaeta Conway Morris, 1979
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Campylites Eichwald, 1856
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Ebetallites Zebera, 1935
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Eopolychaetus Ruedemann, 1901
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Eotrophonia Ulrich, 1878
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Epitrachys Ehlers, 1869
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Haileyia Ruedemann, 1934
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Hammatopsis Hadding, 1919
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Hesionites
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Hirudopsis
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Insulicorypha
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Kadriorgaspis Hints, 2006
                                                    Ref: www.zoobank.org: 26 Feb 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                     Genus †Khemisina
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Klakesia Ruedemann, 1934
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Lecathylus
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Lercaritubus Flügel, Senowbari-Daryan & di Stefano, 1990
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Lockportia
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Lumbricopsis
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Microtubus Flügel, 1964
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Nawnites Roy, 1929
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Oliveirania
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Peronochaeta Conway Morris, 1979
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Pontobdellopsis Ruedemann, 1901
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Propolynoe
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Ramesses Schram, 1979
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Ruedemannella Howell, 1959
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Sarcionata
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Schizoproboscina Jakvlev, 1939
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Soris Schram, 1979
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Stephanoscolex
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Stoma Hadding, 1919
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Tosalorbis Katto, 1960
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Tubulelloides Howell, 1949
                                                    Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: [rough position]; Count: -
                                                     Genus †Xanioprion Kielan-Jaworowska, 1962
                                                    Ref: www.zoobank.org: 26 Feb 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                     1.1 Genus Hrabeiella Pĭzl & Chalupský, 1984, incertae sedis
                                                    Ref: G.W. Rouse, 2001: 290 [implicit position]; Count: -
                                                     1.2 Family Parergodrilidae Reisinger, 1960
                                                    Ref: G.W. Rouse, 2001: 290 [implicit position]; Count: [*] 2g;2s
                                                     2 Order Psammodrilida [monotypic]
                                                    Ref: G. Hartmann-Schröder, 1996: 409; Count: [*] 1f;2g;5s
                                                     3 Order Scolecida
                                                    Ref: S. Zaâbi et al., 2010 [implicit position]; Count: [f] 9f;125g;182s;6ss; †2g;1s
                                                     4 Palpata G.W. Rouse & K. Fauchald, 1997
                                                    Ref: G.W. Rouse & F. Pleijel, 2001: table 1.1 [implicit position]; Count: [f] 7o;76f;786g;1820s;49ss; †9g;7s

©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019