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Under construction
Taxon: Phylum Acanthocephala Kohlreuther, 1771 - acanthocephalans (invertebrate)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,608s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;213p;833c;1506o;9332f;110,548g;255,183s;29,260ss;2077v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;213p;358c;1498o;9332f;110,505g;251,956s;29,258ss;2049v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2908f;14,809g;5468s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;69p;293c;1349o;8888f;107,558g;238,528s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;64p;283c;1330o;8856f;107,431g;238,082s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;63p;279c;1322o;8850f;107,213g;237,909s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;62p;273c;1314o;8839f;107,176g;237,854s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;46p;157c;781o;6853f;85,552g;216,637s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;151c;767o;6817f;85,437g;216,478s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;148c;764o;6812f;85,428g;216,465s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;139c;733o;6737f;85,183g;216,004s;28,319ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4276s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: S.A. Karpov et al., 2014: 8; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;571o;6139f;77,496g;214,066s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;94c;569o;6132f;77,476g;214,044s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;91c;565o;6126f;77,420g;213,976s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [inferred position]; Count: 31p;85c;530o;5961f;76,657g;213,426s;28,292ss;471v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;60c;437o;2184f;9736g;4019s;97ss;1v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 29p;79c;507o;5724f;75,765g;212,689s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;55c;423o;2171f;9612g;3923s;97ss;1v
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: 28p;77c;505o;5700f;75,679g;212,667s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †2p;53c;423o;2168f;9602g;3919s;97ss;1v
                                       Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 25p;59c;315o;4480f;65,207g;150,719s;15,596ss;155v; ‡104s;8ss; †1p;25c;164o;1053f;2109g;1484s;22ss;1v
                                         Superphylum Spiralia Schleip, 1929
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 42); Count: 17p;33c;149o;1223f;7804g;15,627s;449ss;4v; ‡47s;4ss; †12c;85o;693f;628g;294s;12ss;1v
                                           Gnathifera Ahlrichs, 1995
                                          Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3) [implicit position]; Count: 5p;8c;18o;73f;289g;1622s;8ss; †1o;10g
                                             [Syndermata Ahlrichs, 1995] see Phylum Syndermata Ahlrichs, 1995
                                            Ref: T.-M. Lu et al., 2017: 6 (fig. 4a); Count: -
                                               [Phylum Acanthocephala Kohlreuther, 1771 - acanthocephalans] see [unranked] Acanthocephala
                                              Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 23.26; Count: -

©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019