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Taxon: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges (sponge)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,419s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;211p;828c;1490o;9633f;110,511g;252,418s;28,644ss;2107v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;211p;828c;1490o;9557f;110,501g;251,994s;28,644ss;2076v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;528o;2908f;14,789g;5473s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;211p;353c;1482o;9557f;110,458g;248,767s;28,642ss;2048v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2908f;14,780g;5433s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;67p;288c;1333o;9113f;107,511g;235,339s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;62p;278c;1314o;9081f;107,384g;234,893s;28,241ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2907f;14,773g;5424s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;61p;274c;1306o;9075f;107,166g;234,720s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;60p;268c;1298o;9064f;107,129g;234,665s;28,234ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;103ss;1v; †5p;75c;527o;2904f;14,679g;5338s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;44p;152c;765o;7081f;85,501g;213,446s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;146c;751o;7045f;85,386g;213,287s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;143c;748o;7040f;85,377g;213,274s;27,705ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4242s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;40p;134c;717o;6965f;85,132g;212,813s;27,703ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,227g;4241s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101; Count: [p] 1k;33p;92c;557o;6371f;77,461g;210,879s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;91c;555o;6364f;77,441g;210,857s;27,695ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;88c;551o;6358f;77,385g;210,789s;27,695ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;103ss;1v; †5p;70c;469o;2481f;11,214g;4240s;97ss;1v
                                 Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges
                                Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 9; Count: [g] 4c;26o;138f;710g;365s;15ss;3v; †3c;24o;288f;1271g;222s
                                   Genus †Amorphofungia Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cribroscyphia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cupulochonia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Discaelia Fromentel, 1875
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Dischonia Vosmaer, 1885
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Discoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Etallonia Oppliger, 1915
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Monotheles de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Peridonella
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porosmilia
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porostoma Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Family †Receptaculitidae
                                  Ref: Peripatus, ????: 7 May 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1g;1s
                                   Genus †Siphoneudea Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Sparsispongia d'Orbigny, 1849
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Spongodiscus Zittel, 1878
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Steneudea
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Stenocoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   1 ?Genus †Drosdovia Sayutina, 1980
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   2 ?Genus †Eocoryne Matthew, 1885
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   3 ?Genus Placodictyum Schmidt, 1870
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper & R.W.M. van Soest, 2002: 1702; Count: -
                                   4 Family †Stromatidiidae Finks, 1960, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 445; Count: -
                                   5 Family †Tadassiidae Zhuravleva & Pyanovskaya, 1995, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 448; Count: †1g
                                   6 Family †Polyactinellidae Mostler, 1985, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004d: 758; Count: -
                                   7 Class †Archaeocyatha Bornemann, 1884
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper & R.W.M. van Soest, 2002: 1539; Count: [†g] †6o;119f;309g;2s
                                   8 Silicispongia Schmidt, 1862
                                  Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2005: 414 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 2c;20o;113f;621g;323s;15ss;3v; †1c;13o;162f;820g;163s
                                   9.1.1 Class †Heteractinida de Laubenfels, 1955
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper et al., 2011: 17; Count: †2o
                                   9.1.2 Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 35); Count: [g] 5o;23f;80g;37s; †3o;3f;119g;23s
                                   9.2 Class Homoscleromorpha Dendy, 1905 [monotypic]
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [Burda, Hilken & Zrzavý, 2015: 60]; Count: [g] 1o;2f;8g;5s; †3g

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Last updated: 24 Mar 2019