The Taxonomicon
Home
Site map | Contact
Under construction
Taxon: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges (sponge)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,608s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,666;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;213p;833c;1506o;9408f;110,558g;255,607s;29,260ss;2108v;35,664;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;213p;833c;1506o;9332f;110,548g;255,183s;29,260ss;2077v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;525o;2908f;14,818g;5508s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;213p;358c;1498o;9332f;110,505g;251,956s;29,258ss;2049v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2908f;14,809g;5468s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;69p;293c;1349o;8888f;107,558g;238,528s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;64p;283c;1330o;8856f;107,431g;238,082s;28,857ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2907f;14,802g;5459s;197ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;63p;279c;1322o;8850f;107,213g;237,909s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;62p;273c;1314o;8839f;107,176g;237,854s;28,850ss;2031v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;524o;2904f;14,708g;5373s;191ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;46p;157c;781o;6853f;85,552g;216,637s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;151c;767o;6817f;85,437g;216,478s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;44p;148c;764o;6812f;85,428g;216,465s;28,321ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4277s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;139c;733o;6737f;85,183g;216,004s;28,319ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,256g;4276s;97ss;1v
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: S.A. Karpov et al., 2014: 8; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;571o;6139f;77,496g;214,066s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;94c;569o;6132f;77,476g;214,044s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;91c;565o;6126f;77,420g;213,976s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;466o;2481f;11,235g;4275s;97ss;1v
                                 [plesion] Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges
                                Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 9; Count: [g] 4c;26o;138f;710g;365s;15ss;3v; †5c;24o;288f;1277g;223s
                                   Genus †Amorphofungia Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cribroscyphia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cupulochonia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Discaelia Fromentel, 1875
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Dischonia Vosmaer, 1885
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Discoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Etallonia Oppliger, 1915
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Monotheles de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Peridonella
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porosmilia
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porostoma Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Family †Receptaculitidae
                                  Ref: Peripatus, ????: 7 May 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1g;1s
                                   Genus †Siphoneudea Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Sparsispongia d'Orbigny, 1849
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Spongodiscus Zittel, 1878
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Steneudea
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Stenocoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   01 ?Genus †Drosdovia Sayutina, 1980
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   02 ?Genus †Eocoryne Matthew, 1885
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   03 ?Genus †Thectardis Clapham, Narbonne, Gehling, Greentree & Anderson, 2004 [monotypic] - triangles
                                  Ref: Sperling et al., 2011: 24 (title) [implicit position]; Count: [†*] †1s
                                   04 ?Genus Placodictyum Schmidt, 1870
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper & R.W.M. van Soest, 2002: 1702; Count: -
                                   05 ?Class †Radiocyatha Debrenne, Termier & Termier, 1970
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: liii; Count: †5g
                                   06 Family †Stromatidiidae Finks, 1960, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 445; Count: -
                                   07 Family †Tadassiidae Zhuravleva & Pyanovskaya, 1995, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 448; Count: †1g
                                   08 Family †Polyactinellidae Mostler, 1985, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004d: 758; Count: -
                                   09 Class †Cribricyatha
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: liii; Count: -
                                   10 Class †Archaeocyatha Bornemann, 1884
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: l; Count: [†g] †6o;119f;309g;2s
                                   11 Silicispongia Schmidt, 1862
                                  Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2005: 414 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 2c;20o;113f;621g;323s;15ss;3v; †1c;13o;162f;820g;163s
                                   12.1.1 Class †Heteractinida de Laubenfels, 1955
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: xlix; Count: †2o
                                   12.1.2 Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: xlix; Count: [g] 5o;23f;80g;37s; †3o;3f;119g;23s
                                   12.2 Class Homoscleromorpha Dendy, 1905 [monotypic]
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [Burda, Hilken & Zrzavý, 2015: 60]; Count: [g] 1o;2f;8g;5s; †3g

©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019