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Taxon: Phylum Platyhelminthes Gegenbaur, 1859 - flatworms (flatworm)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia

Current position

Rouphozoa (Clade) Struck, Wey-Fabrizius, Golombek, Hering, Weigert, Bleidorn, Klebow, Iakovenko, Hausdorf, Petersen, Kück, Herlyn & Hankeln 2014 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c). [inferred rank]

Alternative positions

Acoelomata (Superphylum) Ref: 12/12/2004
Acoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 320.
Acoelomata ([unranked]) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 228-229.
Acoelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 11.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: G.D. Schmidt, 1982: 717.
Lophotrochozoa (Superphylum) Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake, 1995 Ref: 06/12/2004
Lophotrochozoa (Clade) Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake 1995 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: J. Baguñà & M. Riutort, 2004: 1052.
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: B. Dawes, 1968 (1946): [1].
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Parenchymia (Clade) Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3). [inferred rank]
Platyzoa (Infrakingdom) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 237. [new position]
Platyzoa ([unranked]) Ax, 1987 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 120.
Spiralia (Superphylum) Schleip, 1929 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 46).

Subsequent positions

Platyzoa (Infrakingdom) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 237 [assumed]

Original entries

Neodermata (Subphylum) (Ehlers, 1985) Cavalier-Smith, 1998

Historical positions

Parenchymia (Clade) Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3). [inferred rank]
Rouphozoa (Clade) Struck, Wey-Fabrizius, Golombek, Hering, Weigert, Bleidorn, Klebow, Iakovenko, Hausdorf, Petersen, Kück, Herlyn & Hankeln 2014 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c). [inferred rank]
Spiralia (Superphylum) Schleip, 1929 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 46).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 11.
Platyzoa ([unranked]) Ax, 1987 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 120.
Spiralia (Clade) Schleip, 1929 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 226-263, 266-269, fig. 9.26B.
Lophotrochozoa (Clade) Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake 1995 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: J. Baguñà & M. Riutort, 2004: 1052; 1049.
Platyzoa ([unranked]) Ax, 1987 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172; 171, 203-204.
Parenchymia (Clade) Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: 268-280, fig. 1.2.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: M.J. Costello et al., 2001: 123.
Platyzoa (Infrakingdom) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 4 (p. 237). [new position]
Acoelomata ([unranked]) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 228-229.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1998
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Parenchymia (Clade) Ref: C. Nielsen, 1995
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.A. Wills, 1993: [555].
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 279-313; 4.
Acoelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48. [alternative position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: G.D. Schmidt, 1982: 717.
Acoelomata ([unranked]) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 180-181.
Acoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 320.
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: B. Dawes, 1968 (1946): [1].

Phylogeny

Polyphyletic (poly) Ref: J. Baguñà & M. Riutort, 2004: 1052.

Number of Subtaxa

2020 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 3c;44o;186f;1076g;2220s;6ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 30 Jun 2019 [3c;44o]
2015 M.A. Ruggiero et al.: table 2 (p. 47) [3c;41o]
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 11 29,285s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 11 29,285s
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sp]
1997 TAMU 4,296g24,957s
1995 C. Nielsen ~20,000s
1995 C. Nielsen 20,000s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca ~20,000s
1982 G.D. Schmidt 3c;[31o;375f]
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 3c15,000s
1979 T.I. Storer et al. [3c]
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 20 Dec 2019